Monday, January 23, 2017

PARACULTURAL CALENDAR FOR JANUARY 23


On this day in 971, in China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops.

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On this day in 1368, in a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.

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On this day in 1546, having published nothing for eleven years, Fran├žois Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.

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On this day in 1556, the deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000.
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On this day in 1570, James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, regent for the infant King James VI of Scotland, is assassinated by firearm, the first recorded instance of such.

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On this day in 1719, the Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.

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On this day in 1849, Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Geneva Medical College of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States' first female doctor.

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On this day in 1855, the first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Hennepin Avenue Bridge.

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On this day in 1870, in Montana, U.S. cavalrymen kill 173 Native Americans, mostly women and children, in what becomes known as the Marias Massacre.

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On this day in 1897, Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.

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On this day in 1937, in Moscow, 17 leading Communists go on trial accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin's regime and assassinate its leaders.

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On this day in 1941, Charles Lindbergh testifies before the U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.

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On this day in 1943, Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.

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On this day in 1957, American inventor Walter Frederick Morrison sells the rights to his flying disc to the Wham-O toy company, which later renames it the "Frisbee".

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On this day in 1968, North Korea seizes the USS Pueblo, claiming the ship had violated its territorial waters while spying.

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On this day in 1986, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts its first members: Little Richard, Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley.

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On this day in 1997, Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.

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On this day in 2002, "American Taliban" John Walker Lindh returns to the United States in FBI custody.

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On this day in 2003, Earth receives its final communication from the Pioneer 10 probe.

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